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三大操作系统,你最爱哪个?(中英对照)

2011 年Mar月 12 日由 发布 | 类别: 新闻 | Tags: , , , , , , ,

We’ve already pitched iOS vs Android vs webOS vs MeeGo on TechRadar,but

that was purely on the specsand experience of earlier versions. We’ve now used and evaluated all the three main tablet OS options.

我们之前已经在TechRadar上做过关于iOS,Android,webOS和MeeGo的比较

,单仅仅是针对早期开发版本的使用体验。通过使用,我们先对三大主流平板操作系统做一个分析。

And although we won’t have Windows on a tablet quite yet, the battle between the tablet operating systems is set to hot up over the next few months as iOS 4.3 emerges with the iPad 2 and we see the plethora of Android 3.0 Honeycomb devices hit the streets with the Motorola Xoom, Samsung Galaxy Tab 10.1 and others.

虽然我们短期无法看到Windows系列的平板,随着iPad 2和iOS 4.3的诞生,平板电脑操作系统的战争已经打响。很快我们会看到搭载大量类似Motorola Xoom, Samsung Galaxy Tab 10.1和其他搭载Android 3.0 Honeycomb系统的平板电脑。

We’ve also used the interesting HP TouchPad which uses webOS 3.0. It’s a very good user interface – but can it have broad appeal? Read on to find out.

我们也试玩了搭载webOS 3.0的HP TouchPad。这个系统拥有一个非常棒的用户界面-但是他的外观能否更吸引人一些呢?请继续往下看找找答案。

Why isn’t the BlackBerry PlayBook OS here? Because we’ve used release versions of all the other operating systems. The version of the BlackBerry Tablet OS that we’ve used isn’t final – the Android apps integration wasn’t there, for example.

为什么没有把BlackBerry PlayBook OS列入其中呢?因为我们已经使用过其他几个操怍系统的正式版本。而我们所使用的BlackBerry PlayBook OS并不是最终版本——比如,整合的Android软件并不在列。

iOS is a brilliant OS. iOS is cleanly-designed, fluid, incredibly intuitive and, what’s more, it has plenty of cool features – it just works very well, whether you’re using an iPhone 4, iPod touch or iPad. The interface is exceedingly easy to use, even for those who haven’t touched an iOS device before.

iOS是一个非常棒的系统。iOS的设计简洁,流畅,难以置信的直观,并且,它拥有许多很酷的功能——无论你使用的是iPhone 4, iPod touch还是iPad,它都是那样优秀。它的界面非常容易上手,甚至是对那些从未使用过iOS系统的用户而言。

WebOS is surprisingly nippy and feels better designed than Android 2.2/2.3. Different apps and screens run in different ‘cards’ which you can flick around the interface and it feels very pleasant to use. Apps are launched by tapping icons on the pull-out ‘Launcher’ screen. We like it a lot, although it does take a bit of getting used to.

WebOS则出乎意料地敏捷,它的使用体验要好于Android 2.2/2.3。不同的软件和屏幕区域运行在不同的卡片中,你能来回滑动界面,使用它是一种乐趣。WebOS通过点击软件图标或者向上拉动Launcher来运行软件。虽然需要一点时间来习惯这个系统,我们还是非常喜欢它。

Android is also an extremely capable OS. It’s reasonably easy to use and it’s been helped by being implemented in some cracking mobile phones. The trouble is that putting Android 2.x in tablets has been beset by problems, mostly because – as Google said all along – Android 2.x wasn’t intended for tablets.

Android也是一个强大的操作系统。它相当方便使用。它已经能够运行在一些被破解的手机上了。问题在于,把Android 2.x移植到平板困难重重,最大的原因是——正如Google所说——Android 2.x并非为平板所设计的。

Android 3.0, codenamed Honeycomb, will fix everything and is so, so different. It’s a brilliantly fluid tablet OS, easy to use and is slick with a 3D interface. It does, however, seem a bit techy in some areas – like the smartphone version of the OS it’s not always as straightforward for the uninitiated as iOS. We think it also has an issue with fragmentation. Somebody who has used an HTC Desire won’t automatically be at home with Honeycomb.

Android 3.0,代号是Honeycomb,会修复这些问题。(和之前的系统相比)它是如此的不同。这是一个及其流畅的平板系统,易于使用,并且有3D过渡特效。但是有些地方,似乎有点让人有掀桌的冲动——比如这个系统的手机版本对于那些新手来说并不如iOS那样简洁明快。我们也认为,这个系统在移植上有一些问题。比如使用HTC Desire无法习惯Honeycomb.

When it comes to customisation Android is the clear standout winner. You’re able to customise a lot more of the interface than in iOS – in which you can only really customise the app layout, put apps in folders and change the backgrounds.

当谈及定制化界面,Android无疑是胜出者。你能够对UI定制比iOS多得多的东西——而在iOS中,你只能定制软件的大致外观轮廓(大概是图标之类),把软件归入文件夹以及更换背景。

webOS is even less customisable – you can choose what icons appear in the Launcher and change the wallpaper, but there are no folders for easy app-grouping. There are no widgets, but there is a notification system that tells you about the latest updates.

webOS甚至更难以定制——你可以选择哪些软件排列在你的Launcher上以及改变壁纸,但是没有易于分类的文件夹功能。webOS没有widgets,但是有一个通知最新消息的通知系统。(介个和UI定制化有神马关系= =)

The notifications in Android 3.0 have also been beefed up. You can customise the wallpaper and rearrange or prioritise the onscreen app icons. However, Android’s best facet is its use of widgets, so you can see everything you need to know at-a-glance without having to open and close apps as in iOS.

Android 3.0的通知系统也得到增强。你可以定制背景,按重要性重新排列屏幕上的软件图标。Android系统最棒的方面在于它大量使用了widgets,因此你可以一下获得你要的任何信息而不用像像iOS一样开开关关程序。

Android, iOS and webOS all support the WebKit rendering engine within their browsers, delivering a fluid and fast internet experience – Safari has also had some speed improvements implemented in the new iOS 4.3. Of course, the main difference between the iOS web experience and that of other operating systems is the lack of support for Flash.

Android, iOS 和webOS在他们的浏览器中都采用了WebKit渲染内核,这提供了一个流畅而迅速的网络体验——Safari在刚出现的iOS 4.3中也提升了速度。当然,iOS的网络体验与其他系统的最主要区别是——它不支持Flash(不是出了Flash-to-Html5工具么…………)

However, Flash isn’t ready for Android 3.0 yet, although it is expected to be quite soon. All three operating systems do support HTML5 though, so you will have no problem with content.

但是,针对Android 3.0的Flash也尚未完成,虽然它预计很快面世。这三大操作系统都完整支持HTML5,内容显示方面不是问题。

In terms of email, all three support unified inboxes, with support for Microsoft Exchange email and threaded messaging. We like the simple approach that iOS brings to email, but we have to say that the webOS cards interface is especially suited to email, since you can flip back and forth between a web page and a new email easily. However, copy and paste in iOS leads the pack, so the need to do this should be a rarity.

至于email,这三大系统都支持统一收件箱,包含Microsoft Exchange和标题邮件支持。我们喜欢iOS带来的简单的邮件操作,但是我们不得不承认,webOS的卡片界面更适合于邮件,因为你可以在一个网页和一封新邮件之间简单地来回切换。然而iOS的复制粘贴功能依旧是最好的,因此可以不用来回切换。

HP’s webOS offered multi-tasking from its launch inside the Palm Pre, although initial performance was patchy and it wasn’t until the Palm Pre 2 that things were rectified. With the HP TouchPad and HP Palm Pre 3 though, the multitasking is extremely slick and seamless. Android is also pretty handy at fast app switching. As for iOS, well, it works but it isn’t perfect. Suspending the app in the background does work to a certain extent, but it’s having music in the background from an app like Spotify where the multitasking takes off.

HP’的webOS从Palm Pre开始就提供了多任务功能,虽然刚开始的表现仅仅是凑合,直到Palm Pre 2上市才给予改进。随着HP TouchPad 和HP Palm Pre 3的诞生,多任务变得极其灵活而无缝。Android的任务切换也很容易上手。至于iOS,额,它有多任务但是表现得不尽人意。暂停软件使其在在后台运行在一定范围内有效,但是像Spotify这样的软件只有在多任务关闭的情况下才能运行。

However, it’s not clear what apps are suspended and what isn’t – a sat nav app, for example, will continue chewing up resources by continuing to run in the background in some cases – you have to be pretty canny to shut it down.

但是什么软件可以后台什么软件不行——比如一款导航软件,会持续在后台手机数据并且运行——你需要极其细心才会注意要关闭它。

Third-party apps can have debilitating effects in Android, too. In terms of performance, all three operating systems run extremely well on current hardware. We just hope that Apple has learnt from its iOS 4 performance issues on the iPhone 3G. At a time when many were thinking whether to jump to Android or to the iPhone 4, releasing an unbearably slow software update wasn’t exactly a great move by Apple.

第三方软件同样也能消耗Android系统。至于整体表现方面,三大系统在现有的硬件上运行都极其良好。我们希望苹果能吸取iOS运行在iPhone 3G糟糕表现得教训,继续改进系统。曾经我们考虑着是购入Android机型还是iPhone 4,毕竟发布一个运行得让人难以忍受的迟缓的软件,对苹果而言不是一步好棋。

There’s no contest when it comes to comparing app stores. iOS wins outright in terms of numbers and quality of apps – there are over 400,000 available, however it is a closed market. Android has passed the 200,000 app marker, but quality can sometimes be questionable. Android Market has recently been vastly improved by offering a web-based version of the Market that enables one-click download on to your device.

涉及到软件商店方面基本没有可比性。iOS在软件数量和质量上完美取胜——超过40万的软件,然而这是一个封闭的软件商店。Android有超过20万的软件,但是质量又是值得怀疑。Android Market最近通过网页版本的商店一键下载到手机得到了很大改进。

The new Android Market is actually better than the Apple model where you need to visit iTunes on your desktop or the App Store on your device. Anybody can make apps for Android and webOS and you can install applications outside their official marketplaces. The webOS App Catalog currently has a few thousand official apps available for download.

新版本的Android Market比苹果的商店模式要更加好,对于iOs,你必须在桌面端得iTUnes或是手机端得App Store访问商店。任何人都能为Android和web OS制作软件,你可以在官方商店之外的地方安装软件。webOS App Catalog上现在又几百个正式发布的程序可供下载。

Few would argue that Android has made the biggest strides forward with its updates since it first launched. It’s easy to forget that the original 1.1 release didn’t have features like video recording, turn-by-turn navigation, widgets, tethering or Wi-Fi hotspot functionality and Android 3.0 will take this on a notch.

一些人可能会说Android从上市至今已经大幅度改进。最早的1.1版本没有诸如摄像功能之类的可以忘了他们。导航,widgets,无线共享和Wi-Fi热点分享等功能已经逐步加入,Android 3.0会对这些改进更多。

But the pace of Android development has left the market fragmented – some devices run 1.6, others 2.1 or 2.2. New Android updates are often delayed for the majority of users. Not because Google is slow to release them, but because smartphone manufacturers have enhanced Google’s software with their own UI tweaks and so need to recode and retest them. HTC customises Android with the Sense UI; Samsung modifies it with TouchWiz; while Motorola bakes in MotoBlur.

但是Android过快的发展却让市场支离破碎——一些设备运行得是1.6系统,其他的运行得是2.1或是2.2.。对于大多数的用户,新系统的更新经常被延后。并不是Google有意延迟发布,而是智能手机制造商需要加强Google的软件和他们自己的UI功能的联动性,因此需要重新修改和测试他们。HTC使用Sense UI定制他们的Android系统,三星通过TouchWiz,而摩托罗拉则是MotoBlur。

Only the two Nexus devices have featured a ‘pure’ version of Google’s software. Like Palm and now HP with webOS, Apple also updates iOS on a regular basis. Like HP, Apple retains full control by rolling out the update itself rather than through partners. The iOS 4.3 release date is Friday and it will bring mobile Wi-Fi hotspot access, fixes to AirPlay and faster browsing.

只有两部Nexus设备拥有真正意义上的Google软件。想是从前的Palm或是现在HP的webOS,苹果iOS也有规律地给予更新。HP和苹果,通过自己发布更新而不是通过合作伙伴,保留对系统的完全控制权。iOS的发布日期是3月3日,它将带来Wi-Fi hotspot功能,修复的AirPlay和更快的网页浏览。

So, which do we like most?

所以,我们最喜欢哪个系统?

Much as it’s not a very helpful conclusion, we like all three of these operating systems. They’re all tremendous for tablets. However, we think it will be fairly easy to separate them out and find which is best for you.

虽然这不是一个很有权威的结论!因为我们太爱这三个操作系统了。他们都是了不起的平板系统。但是我们认为区分开他们,助你找到最适合你的操作系统。

If you already have an iPhone, you’ll almost love iOS on a tablet. And if you’ve already used an iPad it’s likely there will be no other tablet OS for you. However, Android 3.0 and webOS are both brilliant operating systems and, if you don’t want an iPad there are lots of great hardware choices.

如果你早已入手iPhone,你很可能喜欢iOS运行在平板上。而如果你早就在使用iPad,其他平板系统似乎不适合你。但是,Android 3.0和webOS都是非常棒的操作系统,而如果你不想要一台iPad,你还有其他很多选择。

The HP TouchPad is an interesting option but it’s more likely to be used as a business tablet like the BlackBerry PlayBook. However, the Motorola Xoom, Samsung Galaxy Tab 10.1 and LG Optimus Pad are stunning Android 3.0 tablets running a truly great operating system

HP的TouchPad是一个有趣的选择,但是他和BlackBerry PlayBook一样,似乎更适合企业用户。而Motorola Xoom, Samsung Galaxy Tab 10.1和LG Optimus Pad都是极具魅力的平板,他们运行着Android 3.0这个绝佳的操作系统。

来源:TechRadar

翻译:小A

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